What is Anxiety?
Anxiety is generally defined as a “a constant feeling of worry, fear and tension” and this can bring about different body changes which include increase in Blood Pressure, mostly. Now, one might be experiencing anxiety daily or in some situations. Worrying, itself is not a big issue. In fact, you need to worry about some of the things in life, to bring in positive changes. But when this anxiety gets deeply rooted and is consistent then that is when you have the generalized anxiety disorder.
It is very important for one to understand the difference between anxiety which is a normal feeling and the anxiety which has become a medical condition. Since man is created, he gets different vibrations from the surroundings which help him know the difference between good and bad. This is the situation where he knows what danger might be waiting for him and decides how to overcome that. This is a normal feeling. In fact, it is an important feeling for survival. Worrying always does not mean something bad is happening.
The danger causes a rush of adrenalin, a hormone and chemical messenger in the brain, which in turn triggers these anxious reactions in a process called the “fight-or-flight‘ response. This prepares humans to physically confront or flee any potential threats to safety.
For many people, running from larger animals and imminent danger is a less pressing concern than it would have been for early humans. Anxieties now revolve around work, money, family life, health, and other crucial issues that demand a person’s attention without necessarily requiring the ‘fight-or-flight‘ reaction.
The nervous feeling before an important life event or during a difficult situation is a natural echo of the original ‘fight-or-flight’ reaction. It can still be essential to survival – anxiety about being hit by a car when crossing the street, for example, means that a person will instinctively look both ways to avoid danger.
Whereas, an anxiety disorder is different. “The recurring bad and anxious feelings where one tends to overthink over matters and assume dangerous situations” is a stage which means that the anxiety is not normal now. It becomes a medical condition the moment a person takes a lot more stress than he or she normally should be taking.
While a few different diagnoses constitute anxiety disorders, the symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) will often include the following:
- restlessness, and a feeling of being “on-edge”
- uncontrollable feelings of worry
- increased irritability
- concentration difficulties
- sleep difficulties, such as problems in falling or staying asleep
While these symptoms might be normal to experience in daily life, people with GAD will experience them to persistent or extreme levels. GAD may present as vague, unsettling worry or a more severe anxiety that disrupts day-to-day living.
Types of Anxiety:
Once the constant feeling of fear becomes rooted in a human being, that is the point when it interferes with several other daily activities too. Taking into consideration how you react in different situations with worry and restlessness is how anxiety disorders are classified. Below is a simple classification to help one understand the difference. The five major types of anxiety disorders are:
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Generalized Anxiety Disorder, GAD, is an anxiety disorder characterized by chronic anxiety, exaggerated worry and tension, even when there is little or nothing to provoke it. It can involve being stressful about almost everything. The stress can become a part of life. It usually happens because of overthinking on trivial matters.
- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, OCD, is an anxiety disorder and is characterized by recurrent, unwanted thoughts (obsessions) and/or repetitive behaviors (compulsions). Repetitive behaviors such as hand washing, counting, checking, or cleaning are often performed with the hope of preventing obsessive thoughts or making them go away. Performing these so-called “rituals,” however, provides only temporary relief, and not performing them markedly increases anxiety
OCD is associated with a slight “worry” or “obsession” which compels a person to do something in response to get away with the thought. The action performed as a result is “compulsion”. OCD is observed in many people. For example, many housewives have been seen to be worrying about the neatness of home. They also ensure that everything is put in its own, customized place. If something is not in order, it makes them get anxious over that.
- Panic Disorder
Panic disorder is an anxiety disorder and is characterized by unexpected and repeated episodes of intense fear accompanied by physical symptoms that may include chest pain, heart palpitations, shortness of breath, dizziness, or abdominal distress. The person starts panicking when there is no obvious danger. It also happens due to overthinking.
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, PTSD, is an anxiety disorder that can develop after exposure to a terrifying event or ordeal in which grave physical harm occurred or was threatened. Traumatic events that may trigger PTSD include violent personal assaults, natural or human-caused disasters, accidents, or military combat.
- Social Phobia (or Social Anxiety Disorder)
Social Phobia, or Social Anxiety Disorder, is an anxiety disorder characterized by overwhelming anxiety and excessive self-consciousness in everyday social situations. Social phobia can be limited to only one type of situation – such as a fear of speaking in formal or informal situations, or eating or drinking in front of others – or, in its most severe form, may be so broad that a person experiences symptoms almost anytime they are around other people.
To help diagnose generalized anxiety disorder, your doctor or mental health professional may:
- Do a physical exam to look for signs that your anxiety might be linked to medications or an underlying medical condition
- Order blood or urine tests or other tests, if a medical condition is suspected
- Ask detailed questions about your symptoms and medical history
- Use psychological questionnaires to help determine a diagnosis
- Use the criteria listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), published by the American Psychiatric Association
Treatment decisions are based on how significantly generalized anxiety disorder is affecting your ability to function in your daily life. The treatment includes important medications like:
All of these are Benzodiazepines and work in a certain manner to reduce stress. To know more about which drug is useful for you and how to use that, visit each page separately. All the related information is mentioned under the different drugs.
How to buy these medicines online?
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