What is Pain?
The first question that pops up in mind is, what is pain, exactly? How do you define it? Pain is an unpleasant state which can be because of any reason, whether a heartache, or the pain after intensive exercise or due to throbbing heartache.
Pain is both physical and emotional. It involves learning and memory. How you feel and react to pain depends on what’s causing it, as well as many personal factors.
Types of Pain
There are two types of pain
Acute Pain: This type of pain lasts for only a few times and depends on any sudden, unexpected event that happens. This could be due to an illness or sudden injury.
Chronic Pain: This type of pain lasts for more than a few months. It could be a result of any disease. Or a major problem that occurs.
Causes of Pain
Pain is stimulated by a group of activities happening in the body. Most of the time it is associated with some underlying cause. Or sometimes you might not even know the cause of pain at all.
At the most basic level, pain begins when nerve endings are stimulated. This might result from damage to your body tissues, such as when you cut yourself. Pain can also result from damage or disruption to the nerves themselves. Sometimes pain occurs for no known cause, or long after an injury has healed.
Pain can affect any part of your body. Some of the most common forms of pain are back and neck pain, joint pain, headaches, pain from nerve damage, pain from an injury, cancer pain, and pain-related conditions such as fibromyalgia (a disorder that causes widespread musculoskeletal pain).
An injury or illness that is extremely painful for one person might be only slightly bothersome for another. Why is this? A person’s response to pain is heavily influenced by many individual traits, as well as psychological, emotional and social factors.
When pain messages reach your brain, they pass through the emotional and thinking regions, as well as the physical sensation region. A person’s experience of pain is shaped by the complex emotional and cognitive processing that accompanies the physical damage or sensation. So pain really is in your head as well as your body.
Factors that can influence how sensitive you are to pain and how you respond to it include:
- Genetics. Your genetic makeup affects how sensitive your body is to pain signals and how you perceive pain. Some evidence suggests that the tendency to develop neuropathic pain after a nerve injury also can have a strong genetic component. Genetic factors will also influence your response to pain medications.
- Gender. Women report more frequent pain, more severe levels of pain and longer-lasting pain than men do. It’s not known whether this is due to biological differences or psychological and social factors.
- Long-term health problems. Many chronic illnesses and conditions, such as fibromyalgia, migraine headaches and irritable bowel syndrome, are associated with pain.
- Psychological factors. Pain is more prevalent in individuals with depression, anxiety or low self-esteem. An exaggerated pessimism or “catastrophizing” of pain can also make it worse.
- Social factors. Stress and social isolation add to the experience of pain. Research also suggests that lower education levels, lower income and being unemployed are linked to a higher prevalence of pain.
- Past experiences. Your memories of past painful experiences can influence your current experiences. If you had a bad experience with a dentist or have never been to a dentist and are very nervous about it, even a minor probe can produce a strong pain response. And pain itself can predispose you to more pain: The most consistent risk factor for developing a painful condition is a previous episode of pain.
- Other individual factors. Your upbringing, coping strategies and general attitude can affect how you interpret pain messages and how you tolerate pain. So can your expectations as to how you “think” you should feel or react.
In this picture above, Pain pathway is illustrated which shows how pain radiates in the whole body.
- It first starts from the end where nerves are stimulated so that part is called the pain source.
- The pain messages generated here move to the spinal cord.
- The message ultimately reaches the brain. That is how we know that pain has struck the body.
- The body responds in its own ways to this pain to heal it. Here, the process of eradicating the cause of pain also happens.
Impact of Pain
Pain is common and complex — and a burden. Pain interferes with your ability to take part in your daily activities. It can negatively affect your relationships and interactions with others. It can sap your energy and make you feel less healthy overall. The more severe the pain, the heavier a toll it takes on your well-being.
Fortunately, many different treatment options are available to help manage both acute pain and chronic pain. Your attitude and lifestyle will also play a key role. If you approach any painful condition with a positive attitude and a willingness to change, you’re likely to be successful in coping with your pain.
Treatment and Medicines of Pain
Now that this pain is taking a toll of you, it’s the high time you know what treatment is required. Consult your healthcare provider and get to know the cause of this pain. Once you are aware of the pain that you are experiencing and the cause of it, you will likely be able to handle to sensibly. The top drugs and medicines of choice for treatment include:
It is a muscle relaxant and is used to treat pain which is caused by muscle injuries including strains and sprains. This drug is taken is tablet form. It has to be taken many times a day to treat the pain. The dosage varies from 350 mg to 500 mg.
Vicodin is a combination medication is used to relieve moderate to severe pain. It contains an opioid (narcotic) pain reliever (hydrocodone) and a non-opioid pain reliever (acetaminophen). Hydrocodone works in the brain to change how your body feels and responds to pain. Acetaminophen can also reduce a fever.
Percocet is a combination medication is used to help relieve moderate to severe pain. It contains a opioid (narcotic) pain reliever (oxycodone) and a non-opioid pain reliever (acetaminophen). Oxycodone works in the brain to change how your body feels and responds to pain. Acetaminophen can also reduce a fever.
Hydrocodone is also a combination medicine that is used to treat moderate to severe pain.
Oxycodone is used to relieve moderate to severe pain. Oxycodone extended-release tablets and extended-release capsules are used to relieve severe pain in people who are expected to need pain medication around the clock for a long time and who cannot be treated with other medications..
The details of all these medicines are available in the respective sections. You can click on any one of these to know more or buy them.
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